- Government: Constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy
- Head of State: H.M. Queen, represented by Gov Gen Sir Paulias Matane
- Head of Government Prime Minister: The Rt Hon Sir Michael Somare.
- Australian High Commission Mr Chris Moraitis.
- Population: 6.1mil (2007)
- Languages: Pidgin, English (Motu, 840 other)
- Ethnic Groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
- Mean age: 21 years
- Literacy: 57%.
- Currency: Kina
- GDP per capita (K, 2007): 2,909
- GDP growth (2007): 5.20%.