- Government: Constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy
- Head of State: H.M. Queen, represented by Gov Gen Michael Ogio (2011)
- Head of Government Prime Minister: Peter Paire O'Neill (2012).
- Australian High Commission Ms Deborah Stokes.
- Population: 7,013,829 (World Bank report published in 2012)
- Languages: Pidgin, English (Motu, 840 other)
- Ethnic Groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
- Mean age: 21 years
- Literacy: 57%.
- Currency: Kina
- GDP per capita: US$2,700 (2012 est.)
- GDP growth: 9% (2012)
- GDP growth averaging 5.8% over last ten years.